Marjoram (Origanum majorana) is the herb symbol of happiness. It is considered a creation of the goddess Aphrodite for her personal use as a perfume or according to others the goddess herself made it a symbol of happiness. Marjoram is used as a spice in cooking, adding flavour to food, but also as a decoction. Its aroma is distinctive and its woody taste is reminiscent of pine, citrus and cloves.
The plant is mentioned in the texts of almost all ancient writers – pharmacologists. Dioscorides refers to it as “sampsychon” and Theophrastus as “amaracon”. In ancient Greece, women’s perfumes and ointments were made with this herb. In folk – traditional medicine it was used as a mild sedative, against insomnia, depression and anxiety as well as against the symptoms of colds, indigestion and retention. A decoction of marjoram was also consumed by singers because it was considered a balm for their vocal cords. It was also used in a solution against inflammation of the oral cavity and as a warm poultice for sprains, joint pains, etc.
Modern studies prove the medicinal action of the plant, as it is rich in polyphenols and acts as an antioxidant in the human body. According to modern scientific studies, a wide range of pharmacological actions are attributed to the plant, such as antioxidant, antibacterial, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, antidiabetic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, anticoagulant, antimycotic, antifungal, antiparasitic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, analgesic and sedative.
Indicatively mentioned some more actions, such as the soothing effect in cases of digestive disorders and especially diarrhea, as a muscle relaxant and anxiolytic, against headaches, pains during menstruation, etc.
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